Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 23–24, pp 7474–7480 | Cite as

Novel microstructures from severely deformed Al–Ti alloys created by chip formation in machining

  • Jiazhao Cai
  • Andreas Kulovits
  • M. Ravi ShankarEmail author
  • Jörg Wiezorek
Ultrafine-Grained Materials


We present some consequences of Severe Plastic Deformation (SPD) of Al–Ti alloys by chip formation in machining that can enable opportunities for creating novel microstructures. Chips cut from Al-6wt%Ti are composed of a refined dispersion of the fragmented remains of a hitherto coarse Al3Ti embedded in a nanostructured matrix. This multi-phase nanostructured chip material demonstrates considerable resistance to coarsening owing to the thermally stable dispersion of ultra-fine Al3Ti dispersions and thus has promise in structural alloy applications. Furthermore, the Al–Ti machining chips are shown to possess excellent grain refining characteristics, leading to microstructurally refined and homogeneous Al alloy castings. This realization enables a low-cost route for enhancing the efficiency of the grain refiner master alloy systems by exploiting SPD during chip formation.


Severe Plastic Deformation Equal Channel Angular Pressing Master Alloy Chip Formation Al3Ti 



Shankar and Cai acknowledge support from the Central Research Development Fund, University of Pittsburgh.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiazhao Cai
    • 1
  • Andreas Kulovits
    • 2
  • M. Ravi Shankar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jörg Wiezorek
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Industrial EngineeringUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials ScienceUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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