Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 23–24, pp 7366–7371 | Cite as

Developing superplasticity in a magnesium AZ31 alloy by ECAP

  • Roberto B. FigueiredoEmail author
  • Terence G. Langdon
Ultrafine-Grained Materials


The processing of a magnesium AZ31 alloy by equal-channel angular pressing refines the grain size to ~2.2 μm, but annealing for 30 min at 673 K coarsens the grains to ~6.0 μm. Despite this microstructural instability, the alloy is superplastic when pulled in tension at temperatures in the range of 623–723 K with elongations up to >1000% at strain rates at and below 10−4 s−1. Experiments within the superplastic regime show the strain rate sensitivity is ~0.5 and the activation energy is close to the value for grain boundary diffusion. It is demonstrated by calculation that the experimental results are in good agreement with a model for superplasticity based on grain boundary sliding.


Flow Stress Magnesium Alloy Boundary Diffusion Strain Rate Sensitivity AZ31 Alloy 



One of the authors (RBF) was supported by a CAPES/Fulbright Scholarship. This work was supported by the U.S. Army Research Office under Grant No. W911NF-05-1-0046.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of Aerospace & Mechanical Engineering and Materials ScienceUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Materials Research Group, School of Engineering SciencesUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK

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