Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 16, pp 5430–5435 | Cite as

Oxidation refining of iron using plasma-arc melting

  • Masahito UchikoshiEmail author
  • Kazuki Imai
  • Kouji Mimura
  • Minoru Isshiki


Oxidation refining of Fe using plasma arc melting, by the addition of iron oxide as an oxidizing agent, has been carried out. In this refining process, an impurity element which has higher affinity for oxygen than iron was expected to be eliminated. As the result, decreases in Si, Mn, Al, Ca, Ga, and Zr were observed and 99.996 mass% of iron could be obtained from 99.93 mass% of electrolytic iron by plasma arc melting under oxidizing conditions followed by argon–hydrogen plasma arc melting. Specifically, the removal of Si was found to proceed by the distribution between in the liquid Fe phase and in the oxide phase. In addition, the relation of Si and oxygen concentration in liquid iron was consistent with the data in the literature.


Refining Efficiency Metallic Impurity Glow Discharge Mass Spectrometry Oxidation Refining Total Melting Time 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masahito Uchikoshi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kazuki Imai
    • 2
  • Kouji Mimura
    • 1
  • Minoru Isshiki
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced MaterialsTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Tohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

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