Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 23–24, pp 7299–7306 | Cite as

Recent development in grain refinement by hydrostatic extrusion

  • Malgorzata Lewandowska
  • Krzysztof J. KurzydlowskiEmail author
Ultrafine-Grained Materials


Hydrostatic extrusion is an efficient method of grain refinement to the nanometer scale in metallic materials. The paper shows that it can be used directly to obtain a mean grain size smaller than 100 nm with a significant fraction of high angle grain boundaries in aluminum alloys, titanium, and iron. It is also demonstrated that grain size reduction to this level in some other materials, e.g., nickel, requires a combination of hydrostatic extrusion (HE), as the final operation, after some other methods of severe plastic deformation (SPD). Grain refinement in metallic materials by HE has a significant effect on their properties with a significant increase in mechanical strength and improvement of wear and corrosion resistance while maintaining an acceptable level of plasticity.


Aluminum Alloy High Strain Rate Severe Plastic Deformation Extrude Material Size Refinement 



This work was supported by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (Grant No 3T08A 06430).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malgorzata Lewandowska
    • 1
  • Krzysztof J. Kurzydlowski
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Materials Science and EngineeringWarsaw University of TechnologyWarszawaPoland

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