Synthesis of poly(ethylene glycol) functionalized MWNTs and their inclusion complexes with α-cyclodextrin
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Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs), prepared by coupling of isocyanate-decorated MWNTs with PEG of different molecular weights (Mn = 400, 1000, 2000, and 4000 g/mol), were used to form inclusion complexes (ICs) with α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) through the grafted PEG chains being threaded with α-CD rings in aqueous solution. The FTIR, TGA, UV-Vis, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques were employed to characterize the formed ICs. The ICs formation time was monitored by UV-Vis spectroscopy, and the results indicated that the inclusion interaction between MWNT surface anchored PEG chains and α-CD was dependent on the molecular weight of PEG. The grafted PEG with molecular weights of 4000 and 2000 g/mol, respectively, can form ICs with α-CD, while the grafted PEG with molecular weights of 1000 and 400 g/mol, respectively, are difficult to form ICs with α-CD due to the steric hindrance from nanotubes. The stoichiometry value determined by TGA indicated that the ratio of ethylene glycol (EG) unit to α-CD in the resulted ICs was about 15:1. In addition, the morphology of the ICs was observed by SEM and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
KeywordsIsocyanate Isocyanate Group Anhydrous Toluene Graft Density MWNT Surface
Financial support from NSF China (no. 20674065), Program for NCET, SRF for ROCS, SEM, and the Key Project of Scientific Research Funds of Hunan Provincial Education Department (07A072) is greatly acknowledged.
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