Phenomenological description of thermomechanical behavior of shape memory alloy
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On the basis of a thermomechanical phenomenological model, we analyze the thermomechanical behavior of polycrystalline NiTi. Pseudoelastic response and strain-temperature response under fixed stress are studied by using finite element simulation. Calculated mechanical and thermal hysteresis behaviors of NiTi sheet are in good agreement with those observed experimentally. Hardening in stress–strain hysteresis loop and sharp change of strain in strain-temperature hysteresis loop are described by numerical simulation. The result from thermomechanically coupled calculation shows the phenomenon that phase transition occurs by nucleation and propagation of transformation fronts.
KeywordsAustenite Martensite Shape Memory Alloy Finite Element Simulation Helmholtz Free Energy
This project is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.50475021).