Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 14, pp 4828–4833 | Cite as

Simultaneous measurement of normal force and electrical resistance during isothermal crystallization for carbon black filled high-density polyethylene

  • Zhihua Liu
  • Yihu Song
  • Yonggang Shangguan
  • Qiang ZhengEmail author


The kinetics of isothermal crystallization for high-density polyethylene (HDPE) containing different volume fraction (Φ) of carbon black (CB) have been evaluated by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) at 123, 124, and 125 °C where the rate of crystallization is moderate. Simultaneous measurement of normal force (FN) and electrical resistance (R) has been performed to probe the process of isothermal crystallization at strain zero. Results reveal that, at the early stage of crystallization, FN is almost independent of time (t) while relative resistance (R/R0) changes slightly with increasing time t. However, a significant increment in FN and a remarkable change in R/R0 can be observed at the same critical time (tc), and the value of tc is dependent on the crystallization temperature and CB content, which is available for describing the isothermal crystallization as a characteristic parameter. It is found that tc is greater than induction time of crystallization (t0) due to the less sensitivity of mechanical and electrical responses than enthalpy to the structural changes in the composites. It is suggested that mechanical and electrical simultaneous measurement endows us a novel approach to probing the formation of percolation network involving in crystallization of polymer matrix.


Differential Scanning Calorimetry Carbon Black HDPE Isothermal Crystallization Carbon Black Particle 



This study was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (No. 20774085).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhihua Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yihu Song
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yonggang Shangguan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qiang Zheng
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Polymer Science and EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization of Ministry of EducationZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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