Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 10, pp 3704–3712 | Cite as

Probing the structure of nanograined CuO powders

  • Ana E. Bianchi
  • Tomás S. Plivelic
  • Graciela Punte
  • Iris L. Torriani
Article

Abstract

The microstructural properties of polycrystalline CuO powders and their evolution during controlled high energetic ball milling (HEBM) were studied using conventional X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques and in situ temperature-dependent small and wide angle scattering (SAXS–WAXS) synchrotron radiation experiments. Volume weighted average grain size, unit cell expansion, oxygen deficiency, and microstrain values as a function of milling time were obtained from XRD. SAXS data revealed different nanostructures for samples synthesized by one-step solid-state reaction (SSR) or HEBM-treated powders. The latter presented the characteristics of a multilayered nanoscale solid system with surface fractal behavior. Correlation of the XRD microstructural parameters and the power law exponent of the SAXS curves as a function of temperature and milling time provided a coherent picture of the structure of HEBM-treated powders. The overall structural information presented in this article may shed some light on the macroscopic physical properties of CuO nanostructures.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana E. Bianchi
    • 1
  • Tomás S. Plivelic
    • 2
  • Graciela Punte
    • 1
  • Iris L. Torriani
    • 3
  1. 1.LANADI – Departamento de FísicaFacultad de Ciencias Exactas – UNLPLa PlataArgentina
  2. 2.Laboratorio Nacional de Luz SincrotronSao PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto de FísicaUniversidade Estadual de Campinas, Cidade UniversitáriaSao PauloBrazil

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