Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 13, pp 4363–4369 | Cite as

Polyacrylonitrile/vapor grown carbon nanofiber composite films

  • Huina Guo
  • Asif Rasheed
  • Marilyn L. Minus
  • Satish KumarEmail author
Commonality of Phenomena in Composite Materials


Polyacrylonitrile (PAN)/vapor grown carbon nanofiber (VGCNF) composite films were processed from N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF) at various nanofiber loadings: 5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, and 90 wt%. Tensile, dynamic mechanical, electrical, structural, and morphological properties of these composite films were studied. Enhancement in tensile properties was observed in composites with nanofiber loading up to 40 wt%. The storage modulus of PAN increased upon incorporation of nanofiber particularly above the glass transition temperature. The tan δ peak broadens and shifts to higher temperatures with the addition of VGCNF. The activation energy for PAN molecular motion was higher than that in the control PAN film. The electrical conductivity of composite films increased with increasing nanofiber loading and exhibited a percolation at 3.1 vol%. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) indicated PAN coated nanofibers in the composite film.


Composite Film Storage Modulus Void Content Hollow Nanofibers Phenylene Sulfide 



This work was supported by AFOSR (FA9550-06-1-0122 and FA9550-07-1-0233).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huina Guo
    • 1
  • Asif Rasheed
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marilyn L. Minus
    • 1
  • Satish Kumar
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Polymer, Textile and Fiber EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of WisconsinWhitewaterUSA

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