Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 9, pp 3320–3326 | Cite as

Redox processes at grain boundaries in barium titanate-based polycrystalline ferroelectrics semiconductors

  • Antolii Belous
  • Oleg V’yunov
  • Maya Glinchuk
  • Valentin Laguta
  • Darko Makovez


Barium titanate, which is characterized by a positive temperature coefficient of resistance (PTCR), is widely used in practice. At the same time, it is unknown why only a small percentage of the introduced donor dopant takes part in the formation of PTCR effect, which phases appear at grain boundaries, how the introduced acceptor dopants affect the properties of grains. Elucidation of the above questions is of considerable scientific and practical interest. It has been shown that the phases Bа6Ti17O40 and Y2Ti2O7 precipitate on grains of barium titanate doped with donor dopant (yttrium). We identified paramagnetic impurities (iron, manganese, chromium) in starting reagents. These impurities can occupy titanium sites. Therefore, the part of the donor dopant that is spent on the charge exchange of acceptor dopants does not participate in the charge exchange of titanium Ti4+ → Ti3+, which is responsible for the appearance of PTCR effect in barium titanate. It has been found that an extra acceptor dopant (manganese) is distributed mainly at grain boundaries and in the grain outer layer. It has been shown that manganese ions introduced additionally (as acceptor dopants) increase the potential barrier at grain boundaries and form a high-resistance outer layer in PTCR ceramics. The resistance of grains, outer layers, and grain boundaries as a function of the manganese content has been investigated.


Yttrium BaTiO3 Charge Exchange Barium Titanate Positive Temperature Coefficient 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antolii Belous
    • 1
  • Oleg V’yunov
    • 1
  • Maya Glinchuk
    • 2
  • Valentin Laguta
    • 2
  • Darko Makovez
    • 3
  1. 1.V.I. Vernadskii Institute of General and Inorganic ChemistryKyivUkraine
  2. 2.Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials SciencesKyivUkraine
  3. 3.Jožef Stefan InstituteLjubljanaSlovenia

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