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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 6, pp 1757–1768 | Cite as

Solid-particle erosion behavior of high-performance thermoplastic polymers

  • Suresh Arjula
  • A. P. HarshaEmail author
  • M. K. Ghosh
Article

Abstract

Solid-particle erosion tests were carried out to study the effect of matrix material, impact angle, and impact velocity on the erosion behavior of seven types of thermoplastic neat polymers (i.e., polyetherimide, polyetheretherketone, polyetherketone, polyphenylene sulfide, polyethersulfone, polysulfone, and ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene). Steady-state erosion rates of these polymers have been evaluated at different impact angles (15–90°) and impact velocities (25–66 m/s). Silica sand of particle size 200 ± 50 μm was used as the erodent. These polymers have exhibited maximum erosion rate (Emax) at 30° impact angle indicating ductile erosion behavior. Some of these polymers have shown an incubation behavior at lower impact velocities for an impact angle of 90°. Correlations among steady-state erosion rate and mechanical properties and glass transition temperature (Tg) were established. Morphology of eroded surfaces was examined using scanning electron microscopy and possible wear mechanisms were discussed.

Keywords

Erosion Rate Impact Velocity UHMWPE Erosion Resistance Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene 

Abbreviations

ABS

Acrylonitryl-butyldiene styrene

PA

Polyamide

PB

Polybutadine

PC

Polycarbonate

PE

Polyethylene

PEI

Polyetherimide

PEEK

Polyetheretherketone

PEK

Polyetherketone

PES

Polyethersulfone

PMMA

Polymetyl methacrylate

PP

Polypropylene

PPS

Polyphenylene sulfide

PS

Polystyrene

PSU

Polysulfone

PTFE

Polytetrafluoroethylene

TPI

Thermoplastic polyimide

UHMWPE

Ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of TechnologyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

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