Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 1170–1173 | Cite as

TEM analysis of apatite surface layers observed on zinc based glass polyalkenoate cements

  • D. Boyd
  • M. R. Towler
  • A. W. Wren
  • O. M. Clarkin
  • D. A. Tanner

Glass polyalkenoate cements (GPCs) are acid base cements formed by the reaction of an aqueous solution of polyalkenoic acid, usually polyacrylic acid (PAA) with an acid degradable aluminosilicate glass. The result of the reaction is cement consisting of reacted and unreacted glass particles embedded in a polysalt matrix. In addition to these conventional GPCs, aluminium-free glass polyalkenoate cements based on zinc silicate glasses (Zn-GPCs) exhibit significant potential as bone cements for several reasons. Primarily, they are formulated without the inclusion of aluminium (Al) [1] in the glass phase and thus eliminate clinical complications arising from the release of the Al3+ ion from the cement in vivo. Such complications have, in the past, included aluminium-induced encephalopathy [2, 3, 4, 5] and defective mineralization of cancellous bone [6]. Secondly, Zn-GPCs set without a significant evolution of heat, when compared with commercial bone cements such as Spineplex®(Stryker,...


Simulated Body Fluid Amorphous Calcium Phosphate Apatite Layer Strontium Carbonate Zinc Silicate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Boyd
    • 1
  • M. R. Towler
    • 1
  • A. W. Wren
    • 1
  • O. M. Clarkin
    • 1
  • D. A. Tanner
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Materials and Surface Science InstituteUniversity of LimerickCastletroyIreland
  2. 2.Department of Manufacturing and Operations EngineeringUniversity of LimerickCastletroyIreland

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