Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 1354–1356 | Cite as

Highly efficient cooperative up-conversion of Yb3+ in NaYF4

  • Xiangfu Wang
  • Siguo XiaoEmail author
  • Xiaoliang Yang
  • J. W. Ding


Strong blue cooperative up-conversion emission around 475 nm has been observed in Yb3+-doped hexagonal NaYF4. The influence of concentration of the Yb3+ ion on the luminescence intensity is investigated. It is found that the sample shows the strongest cooperative luminescence when the Yb3+ ion concentration is 75%. The investigation shows that hexagonal NaYbF4 is an efficient blue up-converted phosphor, which might be potentially applicable in three-dimensional solid-state fluorescence display.


Excitation Power Hydrogen Fluoride NaYF4 YbF3 Relative Luminescence Intensity 



This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.: 10674113), Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-06-0707), Hunan Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (No.: 06JJ50006), and partially by Scientific Research Fund of Hunan Provincial Education Department (Nos.: 06A071 and 07B073) and the Open Project Program of Low Dimensional Materials &Application Technology (Xiangtan University) of Ministry of Education of China (No. KF0713).


  1. 1.
    Blasse G, Grabmaier BC (1994) Luminescent materials. Springer–VerlagGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kenyon AJ (2002) Prog Quantum Electron 26:225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dieke GC, Cross White HM (1963) Appl Opt 2:675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lupei A, Enaki V, Lupei V, Presura C, Petraru A (1998) J Alloys Compd 196:275Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Honea EC, Beach RJ, Mitchell SC, Skidmore JA, Emanuel MA, Sutton SB, Payne SA, Avizonis PV, Monroe RS, Harris DG (2000) Opt Lett 25:805CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Krupke WF (1999) Curr Opin Solid State Mater Sci 4:197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Malinowski M, Kaczkan M, Piramidowicz R, Frukacz Z, Sarnecki J (2001) J Lumin 94–95:29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nakazawa E, Shionoya S (1970) Phys Rev Lett 25:1710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schaudel B, Goldner P, Prassas M, Auzel F (2000) J Alloys Compd 300–301:443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Goldner P, Schaudel B, Prassas M, Auzel F (2000) J Lumin 87–89:688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Auzel F, Goldner P (2001) Opt Mater 16:93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Maciel GS, Biswas A, Kapoor R, Prasad PN (2000) Appl Phys Lett 76:1978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Maciel GC, Biswas A, Prasad PN (2000) Opt Commun 178:65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Krämer KW, Biner D, Frei G, Güdel HU, Hehlen MP, Lüthi SR (2004) Chem Mater 16:1244Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang L, Li Y (2007) Chem Mater 19:727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kano T, Suzuki T, Suzuki A, Minagawa S (1973) J Electrochem Soc 120:C87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Menyuk N, Dwight K, Pierce JW (1972) Appl Phys Lett 21:159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Suyver JF, Grimm J, van Veen MK, Biner D, Kramer KW, Gudel HU (2006) J Lumin 117:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Liang L, Wu H, Hu H, Wu M, Su Q (2004) J Alloys Compd 368:94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Auzel F (2004) Chem Rev 104:139Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Thoma RE, Hebert GM, Insley H, Weaver CF (1963) Inorg Chem 2(25)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Vegard L (1921) Z Phys 5:17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhang XX, Hong P, Bass M, Chai BHT (1993) Appl Phys Lett 63(19)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bednarkiewicz A, Strek W (2002) J Phys D: Appl Phys 35:2503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Pollnau M, Gamelin DR, Luthi SR, Gudel HU (2000) Phys Rev B 61:3337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Lozano WB, de Araujo CB, Messaddeq Y (2002) J Non-Cryst Solids 311:318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hehlen MP, Gudel HU (1993) J Chem Phys 98:1768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Qiu J, Shojiya M, Kawamoto Y (1999) J Appl Phys 86(2)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Nakazawa E, Shionoya S (1970) Phys Rev Lett 25:1710CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiangfu Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Siguo Xiao
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Xiaoliang Yang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • J. W. Ding
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Modern PhysicsXiangtan UniversityXiangtan, HunanP.R. China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Materials & Application TechnologyXiangtan UniversityXiangtan, HunanP.R. China
  3. 3.Faculty of Materials and Photo-electronic PhysicsXiangtan UniversityXiangtan, HunanP.R. China

Personalised recommendations