Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 12, pp 4143–4151 | Cite as

Production of sintered materials from air pollution control residues from waste incineration

  • C. Dimech
  • C. R. Cheeseman
  • S. Cook
  • J. Simon
  • A. R. Boccaccini
Rees Rawlings Festschrift


Air pollution control residues from waste incineration have been washed to remove excess chloride and other soluble salts and blended with combinations of soda lime glass and waste electrostatic precipitator dust containing boric oxide from the fibre-glass industry. Homogenous fine powder mixes have been pressed and sintered at temperatures between 900 and 1000 °C. The physical properties and microstuctural characteristics of the glass–ceramics formed have been assessed. The results show that it is possible to produce a dense glass–ceramic material containing wollastonite and gehlenite crystalline phases with a hardness of 4.5 GPa. The high density and hardness means that the glass–ceramic may have a potential use in high value construction products.


Municipal Solid Waste Inductively Couple Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy Wollastonite Sintered Sample Inductively Couple Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy 



This work was completed with financial support from EPSRC (UK) and Rio Tinto Minerals/Borax Europe Ltd through an Industrial Case Award from the Resource Efficiency Knowledge Transfer Network (KTN), formerly the Mini-Waste Faraday Partnership. The experimental assistance of staff and colleagues at Imperial College London and Rio Tinto Minerals (Guildford, UK) is greatly appreciated. Mr Peter Lewis is acknowledged for the provision of APC residue samples.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Dimech
    • 1
  • C. R. Cheeseman
    • 2
  • S. Cook
    • 3
  • J. Simon
    • 3
  • A. R. Boccaccini
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MaterialsImperial College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringImperial College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Rio TintoLondonUK

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