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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 22, pp 9316–9323 | Cite as

Synthesis and analysis of CuS with different morphologies using cyclic microwave irradiation

  • Titipun ThongtemEmail author
  • Anukorn Phuruangrat
  • Somchai Thongtem
Article

Abstract

Nano- and micro-sized CuS crystals were successfully synthesized from copper and sulfur sources (CuCl2H2O, CuBr, Cu(CH3COO)2 . H2O, CH3CSNH2, NH2CSNHNH2 and NH2CSNH2) in ethylene glycol assisted by the cyclic irradiation of different microwave powers and prolonged times. By using XRD and SAED, CuS (hcp) was detected. The products characterized using SEM and TEM compose of assemblies of nano-flakes, clusters of nano-particles, nano-fibers, nano-rods and sponge-like structures influenced by the synthesized conditions. Their lattice vibrations are in the same Raman wavenumber at 474 cm−1. Among the different products, the emission peaks are over the range 414–435 nm (2.85–2.99 ev). Reaction evidences of the sources were provided using FTIR. Phase and morphology formations are also proposed on according to the analytical results.

Keywords

Thiourea Microwave Irradiation CuCl2 Select Area Electron Diffraction Microwave Power 

Notes

Acknowledgement

We would like to give thank to the Thailand Research Fund, Bangkok Thailand, for funding the research.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Titipun Thongtem
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anukorn Phuruangrat
    • 2
  • Somchai Thongtem
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceChiang Mai UniversityChiang MaiThailand
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceChiang Mai UniversityChiang MaiThailand

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