Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 22, pp 9316–9323 | Cite as

Synthesis and analysis of CuS with different morphologies using cyclic microwave irradiation

  • Titipun ThongtemEmail author
  • Anukorn Phuruangrat
  • Somchai Thongtem


Nano- and micro-sized CuS crystals were successfully synthesized from copper and sulfur sources (CuCl2H2O, CuBr, Cu(CH3COO)2 . H2O, CH3CSNH2, NH2CSNHNH2 and NH2CSNH2) in ethylene glycol assisted by the cyclic irradiation of different microwave powers and prolonged times. By using XRD and SAED, CuS (hcp) was detected. The products characterized using SEM and TEM compose of assemblies of nano-flakes, clusters of nano-particles, nano-fibers, nano-rods and sponge-like structures influenced by the synthesized conditions. Their lattice vibrations are in the same Raman wavenumber at 474 cm−1. Among the different products, the emission peaks are over the range 414–435 nm (2.85–2.99 ev). Reaction evidences of the sources were provided using FTIR. Phase and morphology formations are also proposed on according to the analytical results.


Thiourea Microwave Irradiation CuCl2 Select Area Electron Diffraction Microwave Power 



We would like to give thank to the Thailand Research Fund, Bangkok Thailand, for funding the research.


  1. 1.
    He Y, Yu X, Zhao X (2007) Mater Lett 61:3014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tezuka K, Sheets WC, Kurihara R, Shan YJ, Imoto H, Marks TJ, Poeppelmeier KR (2007) Solid State Sci 9:95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chen X, Wang Z, Wang X, Zhang R, Liu X, Lin W, Qian Y (2004) J Cryst Growth 263:570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chen D, Tang K, Shen G, Sheng J, Fang Z, Liu X, Zheng H, Qian Y (2003) Mater Chem Phys 82:206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ni Y, Liu H, Wang F, Yin G, Hong J, Ma X, Xu Z (2004) Appl Phys A 79:2007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liao XH, Chen NY, Xu S, Yang SB, Zhu JJ (2003) J Cryst Growth 252:593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wang X, Xu C, Zhang Z (2006) Mater Lett 60:345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yang YJ, Xiang JW (2005) Appl Phys A 81:1351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhang HT, Wu G, Chen XH (2006) Mater Chem Phys 98:298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Xu H, Wang W, Zhu W (2006) Mater Lett 60:2203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jiang C, Zhang W, Zou G, Xu L, Yu W, Qian Y (2005) Mater Lett 59:1008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Xu JZ, Xu S, Geng J, Li GX, Zhu JJ (2006) Ultrason Sonochem 13:451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Podder J, Kobayashi R, Ichimura M (2005) Thin Solid Films 472:71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Powder Diffract. File, JCPDS Internat. Centre Diffract. Data, PA 19073–3273, USA, (2001)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Huang NM, Kan CS, Khiew PS, Radiman S (2004) J Mater Sci 39:2411. DOI: 10.1023/B: JMSC.0000020003.51378.55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Li Y, Huang F, Zhang Q, Gu Z (2000) J Mater Sci 35:5933 DOI: 10.1023/A: 1026714004563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shriver DF, Atkins PW, Overton TL, Rourke JP, Weller MT Armstrong FA (2006) Inorg. Chem, 4th ed., Oxford Univ. Press, p 151Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Swaminathan K, Irving HMNH (1964) J Inorg Nucl Chem 26:1291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yang J, Zeng JH, Yu SH, Yang L, Zhang YH, Qian YT (2000) Chem Mater 12:2924CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Biswas S, Kar S, Chaudhuri S (2007) J Cryst Growth 299:94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zhang YC, Hu XY, Qiao T (2004) Solid State Comm 132:779CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sopunna K, Thongtem T, McNallan M, Thongtem S (2006) J Mater Sci 41:4654. DOI: 10.1007/s 10853-006-0030-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Lu J, Han Q, Yang X, Lu L, Wang X (2007) Mater Lett 61:2883CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Thongtem T, Kaowphong S, Thongtem S (2007) J Mater Sci 42:3923CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Phuruangrat A, Thongtem T, Thongtem S (2007) Mater Lett 61:3805 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wang SY, Wang W, Lu ZH (2003) Mater Sci Engin B 103:184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Minceva-Sukarova B, Najdoski M, Grozdanov I, Chunnilall CJ (1997) J Molec Struct 410–411:267Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ou S, Xie Q, Ma D, Liang J, Hu X, Yu W, Qian Y (2005) Mater Chem Phys 94:460CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Titipun Thongtem
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anukorn Phuruangrat
    • 2
  • Somchai Thongtem
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceChiang Mai UniversityChiang MaiThailand
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceChiang Mai UniversityChiang MaiThailand

Personalised recommendations