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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 22, pp 9343–9354 | Cite as

Mechanical testing of disks under gaseous pressure

Calculation of biaxial mechanical properties applications and interests of the testing method
  • Vladimir Gantchenko
  • Patrice JouinotEmail author
Article
  • 85 Downloads

Abstract

Numerical calculations are becoming more and more efficient in estimating the lifetime of structures under thermomechanical loading. However, these life estimations cannot be reliable if the necessary parameters have not been correctly identified and measured and if all the causes of damage have not been considered. Disk testing under gas pressure is similar to oil bulging testing. However, disk testing can easily be used for the mechanical characterization of materials subject to more varied solicitations: monotone loading (biaxial rupture tests at strain rates from 10−6 to 100 s−1), constant loading under high stresses (sustained load) at elevated temperature (creep tests), cyclic loading (mechanical slow fatigue tests); the temperature may be chosen between 20 and 900 °C and the environment may be studied by comparing the results obtained with either an inert gas or reactive gas. Moreover, disk testing reveals light damage since crossing cracks through the thin membrane create leakages detected by a mass spectrometer. In this paper, we present an original method of calculation developed to determine the true mechanical properties of the pressurized disk; the method of calculation is validated because its numerical results are identical to the measured tensile properties. In addition, the range of uniform deformation is correctly determined; this property is needed to establish sheet formability which is not clearly determined by oil bulging. Of course, the mechanical behaviour can be determined within the whole ranges of temperature and strain rates; such wide ranges cannot be tested by other techniques such as tensile testing or oil bulging. As disk edges are not stressed during testing, the results are very reproducible at any temperature and at any strain rate while the machining or cutting defects initiate very scattered ruptures of tensile specimens tested at high temperature or at high strain rate. The disk and its loading simulate real applications with thin walls embedded by thick parts such as thermal exchangers or spatial engines. The analytical method of calculation may be used for identifying the needed parameters of thermomechanical modelling; it will be optimized by finite elements methods and it would allow a rational quantification of hydrogen embrittlement.

Keywords

Uniform Elongation Secondary Creep Disk Testing Disk Thickness Helium Leakage 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut Superieur de Mecanique de Paris (ISMEP)L.I.S.M.M.A.-Physique des MateriauxSaint OuenFrance

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