Effects of duty ratio at high frequency on growth mechanism of micro-plasma oxidation ceramic coatings on Ti alloy
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The aim of this work is to study the effects of duty ratio on the growth mechanism of the ceramic coatings on Ti–6Al–4V alloy prepared by pulsed single-polar MPO at 2,000 Hz in NaAlO2 solution. The phase composition of the coatings was studied by X-ray diffraction, and the morphology and the element distribution in the coating were examined through scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy. The thickness of the coatings was measured by eddy current coating thickness gauge. The corrosion resistance of the coated samples was examined by linear sweep voltammetry technique in 3.5% NaCl solution. Duty ratio influenced the composition and structure of the coatings. Many residual discharging channels on the coating surface showed that the spark discharge at 2,000 Hz was mainly attributable to the breakdown of the oxide film, which was suitable for the elements both from the electrolyte and from the substrate to join MPO process, and therefore, the coating was mainly composed of Al2TiO5. Because of the increase of the congregation and the adsorption of Al from the electrolyte with increasing duty ratio, the redundant Al on the electrode surface led to the formation of γ-Al2O3. And Al and Ti in the coating existed in the form of the reverse gradient distribution. Meantime, ceramic coatings improved the corrosion resistance of Ti alloy, and the coating surface morphology and thickness determined the coated samples prepared at D = 20% had the best corrosion resistance among the coated samples.
KeywordsCorrosion Resistance Coating Thickness Discharge Channel Ceramic Coating Coated Sample
This work was financially supported by Chinese Science Foundation for Post-doctor fellows (Grant No. 20060400238) and Harbin Special Foundation of Fellow Creation for Science and Technology of China (Grant No. 2006RFQXG032).
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