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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 15, pp 5936–5940 | Cite as

Low-temperature sintering mechanism on uranium dioxide

  • Jiacheng Gao
  • Xiaodong Yang
  • Rui LiEmail author
  • Yong Wang
  • Fengwei Zhong
Article

Abstract

Based on a point defect model, the mechanism of low-temperature sintering of uranium dioxide was studied in this paper. The diffusion coefficient of uranium in UO2 + x, sintering temperature and densification equation in low-temperature sintering were analyzed by both the point defect model and low-temperature sintering experiments. The results showed that the diffusion activation energy of uranium in over-stoichiometric UO2 + x was lowered by 3.0 ev than that in stoichiometric UO2. And the diffusion coefficient of uranium in UO2 + x was proportional to x2. In addition, the theoretical low temperature sintering temperature was calculated to be in the range of 1089–1151 °C, which indicated that it was necessary to maintain proper over-stoichiometric oxygen for low-temperature sintering process. Moreover, the calculation results by the point defect model matched perfectly with the experiment results, PDM might be a good model to describe the relationships between defects concentration and atmosphere composition.

Keywords

Uranium Uranium Dioxide Random Walk Process Diffusion Activation Energy Zinc Stearate 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiacheng Gao
    • 1
  • Xiaodong Yang
    • 1
  • Rui Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yong Wang
    • 1
  • Fengwei Zhong
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Material Science and EngineeringChongqing UniversityChongqingChina

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