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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 14, pp 5299–5306 | Cite as

Preparation of surfactant templated nanoporous silica spherical particles by the Stöber method. Effect of solvent composition on the particle size

  • Naoki Shimura
  • Makoto OgawaEmail author
Article

Abstract

Monodispersed nanoporous silica spherical particles with the particle size ranges from 0.01 μm to 1.5 μm were successfully prepared by the Stöber method combined with supramolecular templating approach. The particles formed from homogeneous solutions containing tetraethoxysilane, cetyltrimethylammonium chloride, methanol, and aqueous ammonia solution at room temperature. In the present study, methanol/tetraethoxysilane ratio was the factor to control the particle size. With increasing the methanol/tetraethoxysilane ratios from 1,125 to 6,000, particle size decreased from 1.5 μm to 0.01 μm. The calcination of the particles resulted in the spherical porous silicas with the average pore sizes of around 2.0 nm irrespective of the particle size. The particle morphology retained after the calcination.

Keywords

CTAC Narrow Particle Size Distribution Aqueous Ammonia Solution Nanoporous Silica Wide Size Range 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This work was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Priority Areas (417) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of the Japanese Government. Waseda University (as a special research project) and Tokuyama Science and Technology Foundation also supported us financially.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Science and EngineeringWaseda UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Earth SciencesWaseda UniversityTokyoJapan

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