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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 19, pp 8130–8138 | Cite as

In situ SALS and volume variation measurements during deformation of treated silica filled SBR

  • J. Ramier
  • L. ChazeauEmail author
  • C. Gauthier
  • L. Stelandre
  • L. Guy
  • E. Peuvrel-Disdier
Article

Abstract

Original in situ measurements of volume variation and small angle light scattering (SALS) are performed on silica filled Styrene Butadiene Rubber (SBR) during tensile tests. The influence of the silica treatment on the mechanisms involved is explored with sample carefully characterised and with the same filler dispersion. Two different types of silane are used as treatment, an alkoxy silane (so called covering agent) and a coupling agent which enables covalent bonds between the silica and the polymer matrix. It is shown that the coupling agent delays void formation in the samples and leads at intermediary strain to the reorganisation of the filler structure while the covering agent eases the void formation which also occurs without silica surface treatment.

Keywords

Coupling Agent Amplification Factor Void Formation Tangent Modulus Styrene Butadiene Rubber 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are indebted to C. Rochas for preliminary SALS experiments performed at ESRF, and to Drs. M.N. Bouchereau for fruitful discussions. This work was financed by Rhodia S.A.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Ramier
    • 1
  • L. Chazeau
    • 1
    Email author
  • C. Gauthier
    • 1
  • L. Stelandre
    • 2
  • L. Guy
    • 2
  • E. Peuvrel-Disdier
    • 3
  1. 1.MATEIS (UMR CNRS 5510), INSA-LyonVilleurbanne CedexFrance
  2. 2.Rhodia SilicesCollonges au Mont d’orFrance
  3. 3.Ecole des Mines de Paris, Centre de Mise en Forme des MatériauxSophia Antipolis CedexFrance

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