Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 19, pp 8215–8221 | Cite as

A novel method for producing open-cell Al2O3-ZrO2 ceramic foams with controlled cell structure

  • Jing-yuan YuEmail author
  • Xu-dong Sun
  • Qiang Li
  • Xiao-dong Li


A novel method was introduced to prepare open-cell Al2O3–ZrO2 ceramic foams with controlled cell structure. This method used epispastic polystyrene (EPS) spheres to array ordered templates and centrifugal slip casting in the interstitial spaces of the EPS template to obtain cell struts with high packing density. Aqueous Al2O3–ZrO2 slurries with up to 50 vol.% solid contents were prepared and centrifuged at acceleration of 2,860g. The effect of the solid contents of slurries on segregation phenomena of different particles and green compact uniformity were investigated. In multiphase system, the settling velocities of Al2O3 and ZrO2 particles were calculated. Theory analysis and calculated results both indicated segregation phenomenon was hindered for slurries with 50 vol.% solid content. The cell struts of sintered products had high green density (61.5%TD), sintered density (99.1%TD) and homogeneous microstructures after sintered at 1,550 °C for 2 h. The cell size and porosity of Al2O3–ZrO2 ceramic foams can be adjusted by changing the size of EPS spheres and the load applied on them during packing, respectively. When the porosity increased from 75.3% to 83.1%, the compressive strength decreases from 3.82 to 2.07 MPa.


Foam Compressive Strength Solid Content Settling Velocity Sintered Density 



This work was supported partly by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (50672014) and the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (50425413).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing-yuan Yu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xu-dong Sun
    • 1
  • Qiang Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiao-dong Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Anisotropy and Texture of Materials (Ministry of Education)Northeastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.College of Materials & Chemical EngineeringLiaoning Institute of TechnologyJinzhouChina

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