Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 18, pp 7750–7756 | Cite as

The coating of cadmium compounds with nickel compounds

  • Ikram ul HaqEmail author
  • Khalida Akhtar
Article

Abstract

Micrometer-sized particles of cadmium carbonate (cores) were prepared by homogeneous precipitation from aqueous solution containing urea in the presence of cadmium sulfate. These particles were then homogeneously coated with a layer of nickel hydroxy carbonate by heating their dispersion in aqueous solution, containing nickel sulfate and urea, at 85 °C for 70 min with constant agitation. The same solution mixture produced spheroids of nickel hydroxy carbonate (coating precursors), when heated under similar conditions in the absence of the cadmium carbonate particles. The existence of the coated layer on the cores and its composition was confirmed by various physical methods. The as-prepared carbonated solids (cores, coating precursors, and coated particles) were converted into their oxide forms by calcination at 700 °C. The cores became porous, whereas the coating precursors and coating layer disintegrated into smaller particles during the calcination process.

Keywords

Chemical Mechanical Polishing Core Particle Calcination Process Coating Mixture Nickel Sulfate 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Dr. Egon Matijević, Victor K. LaMer Professor of Colloid and Surface Science, Center for Advanced Materials Processing, Clarkson University, Potsdam, New York 13699, USA, for providing all sorts of facilities for the characterization of the powder samples.

References

  1. 1.
    Fleming GJ, Farooq AA, Barralet JE (2003) Biomaterials 24:4173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Takemura D, Aihara S, Hamano K, Kise M, Nishimura T, Urushibata H, Yoshiyasu H (2005) J Power Sources 146:779CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shimizur Y, Jono A, Hyodo T, Egashira M (2005) Senso Actuator B108:56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li X, Liu H, Cheng LF, Tong HJ (2003) Environ Sci Technol 37:3989CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rongcheng W, Jiuhui Q, Yongsheng C (2005) Water Res 39:630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rapoport L, Leshchinsky V, Lvovsky M, Lapsker I, Volovik YU, Feldman Y, Popovitz-Biro R, Tenne R (2003) Wear 255:794CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Le H-P (1980) J Imag Sci Technol 42:49Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jin SY, Woo PS, Hoon KN, Goo CE, Sun LW (2005) Microelectron Engg 77:358Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jennifer F, Jie F, Justin H (2004) J Contrl Rel 96:411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Košak A, Makovec D, Žnidaršič A, Drofenik M (2004) J Europ Ceram Soc 24:959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Clifford YT, Bor-Yuan H, Hsien-Yi C (2004) Coll Surf A 237:105Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rosenband V, Gany A (2004) J Mater Process Technol 153/154:1058CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hee SK, Jong RS, Yun C, Kyeong YJ, Seung BP (2005) J Alloys Comp 398:40Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ritva L, Johan S, Göran S (1995) Coll Surf A 99:79Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Isao M, Yu I, Masato T (2005) Mater Res Bull 40:1202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Boschini F, Robertz B, Rulmont A, Cloots R (2003) J Europ Ceram Soc 23:3035CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ocaña M., Morales MP, Serna CJ (1999) J Coll Interf Sci 212:317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Matijević E (2002) Encyclopedia of surface and colloid science. Marcel Dekker, NY, p 4322Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wang L, Sondi I, Matijević E (1999) J Coll Interf Sci 218:545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Krathohvil S, Matijević E (1991) J Mater Res 6:766CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Aiken B, Hsu WP, Matijević E (1988) J Am Ceram Soc 71:845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Her YS, Matijević E, Wilcox WR, Bailey OG, Fischman GS (1992) J Mater Sci Lett 11:1629CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Haq I, Matijević E (1993) Coll Surf A 81:153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Durand-Kiklikian L, Haq I, Matijević E (1994) Coll Surf A 92:7267Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Haq I, Matijević E (1997) J Coll Interf Sci 192:104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Haq I, Matijević E, Akhtar K (1997) Am Chem Soc Chem Mater 9:2665Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Haq I, Akhtar K (2000) J Mater Sci 35:2565, DOI: 10.1023/A:1004762928982CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Haq I, Akhtar K (2000) Adv Powder Technol 11:175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Haq I, Fraser I, Matijević E (2003) Coll Polym Sci 281:542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Haq I, Akhtar K (2004) J Mater Sci 39:3357, DOI: 10.1023/B:JMSC.0000026936.62696.1bCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Xingqin L, Zhengliang X, Yafei L, Yusheng S (1998) Sens Actuators B 52:270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Chol JS, Kang YH, Kim KH (2001) J Phys Chem 81:2208Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Soon-Dan C, Bong-Ki M (2001) Sens Actuator B 77:330Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Liu J, Huang X, Ye C, Liu W, Jiao Z, Chao W, Zhou Z, Yu Z (2003) Sensors 3:110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Ocana M, Hsu WP, Matijević E (1991) Langmiur 7:2911CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Giesche H, Matijević E (1994) J Mater Res 9:436CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Centre of Excellence in Physical ChemistryUniversity of PeshawarPeshawarPakistan

Personalised recommendations