Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 18, pp 7812–7818 | Cite as

Microstructure and infiltration kinetics of Si3N4/Al–Mg composites fabricated by pressureless infiltration

  • Shou-ren WangEmail author
  • Ying-zi Wang
  • Yong Wang
  • Hao-ran Geng
  • Qing Chi


Si3N4/ Al–Mg composites reinforced by ceramic interpenetrating network structure had been fabricated via pressureless infiltration technology. The matrix and the reinforcement phase, form an interconnected interpenetrating network structure. The Al–Mg/Si3N4 system exhibits an excellent wettability under moderate conditions. The increasing of Mg content (2–10 wt%) resulted in an increased amount of infiltration, once Mg content beyond 10 wt% has an adverse effect. Light chemical reaction occurs in the interface of Al–Mg/Si3N4 system and the reaction productions reduce the surface tension of melt and impulse the advance of infiltration. Infiltration temperature and infiltration time were the key parameters, which turn into the infiltration impetus. The appropriate infiltration temperature is 1050 °C and the corresponding infiltration time is 15 min, prolonging the infiltration time continuously has no significance.


Contact Angle Wettability Liquid Phase Sinter Light Chemical Reaction Wetting Angle 



This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (Y2006F03). Part of this research was done at the Institute of Materials Science Jinan University. The authors are owing a debt of gratitude to the technical staff of institutions for their help.


  1. 1.
    Wang HY, Jiang QC, Zhao YQ (2004) Mater Sci Eng A 372:109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Trojanova Z, Lukac P, Riehemann W, Mordike BL (2002) Mater Sci Eng A 324:122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Xu ZR, Chawla KK, Wolfenden A, Neuman A, Liggett GM, Chawla N (1995) Mater Sci Eng A 203:75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Konopka K, Olszówka-Myalska A, Szafran M (2003) Mater Chem Phys 81:329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lu L, Lai MO, Froyen L (2002) Key Eng Mater 230(2):287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jiang QC, Wang HY, Wang JG (2003) Mater Lett 57:2580CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Saravanan RA, Surappa MK (2000) Mater Sci Eng A 276:108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lu L, Thong KK, Gupta M (2003) Composit Sci Technol 63:627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ferkel H, Mordike BL (2001) Mater Sci Eng A 298:193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Filho AL, Atkinson H, Jones H (1998) J Mater Sci 33:5517, Doi: 10.1023/A;1004443627023CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Thakur SK, Dhindaw BK (2001) Wear 247:191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jiang QC, Wang HY, Guan QF (2003) Adv Eng Mater 10:722CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wang HY, Jiang QC, Li XL (2003) Scripta Materialia 48:1349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Srinivasa Rao B, Jayaram V (2001) Acta Mater 49:2373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Trumble KP (1998) Acta Mater 46(7):2363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zafer T, Thompson Derek P (2005) Mater Lett 59:1897CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Cirakoglu M, Toy C, Tekin A, Scott WD (1997) Ceram Int 23:115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zufia A, Hand RJ (2000) Mater Sci Technol 16(7):867Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rocher JP, Quenisset JM, Naslain R (1989) J Mater Sci 24:2697, Doi: 10.1007/BF02385613CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Naidich YV (1981) Prog Surf Membr Sci 1:393Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Travitzky NA, Shlayen A (1998) Mater Sci Eng A 244:154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Contreras A, Lopez VH, Bedolla E (2004) Scripta materialia 51:249CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shou-ren Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ying-zi Wang
    • 2
  • Yong Wang
    • 3
  • Hao-ran Geng
    • 2
  • Qing Chi
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringJinan UniversityJinanP. R. China
  2. 2.School of Material ScienceJinan UniversityJinanP. R. China
  3. 3.School of ScienceJinan UniversityJinanP. R. China

Personalised recommendations