C60 end-functionalized four-armed polymers: synthesis and optical limiting properties
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A series of bromo-terminated four-armed homopolymers [polystyrene (PSt) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)], prepared by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), were subsequently functionalized with fullerene C60 by atom transfer radical addition (ATRA) reaction using CuBr/2,2′-bipyridine (bipy) as the catalyst system. The C60 end-capped four-armed polymer derivatives were then characterized by gel permeation chromatography (GPC), UV–vis, FT-IR, thermal gravimetric analyses (TGA) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). Another technique of synthesizing C60-functionalized four-armed polymers from azide functional polymers was also applied for comparison. The optical limiting behavior of C60 end-capped four-armed polymers prepared via ATRA reaction were measured in THF solution at 532 nm. Both groups of fullerene-functionalized polymers (C60-PSts and C60-PMMAs) are provided with optical limiting properties.
KeywordsFullerene PMMA Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization Bipy
This research is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No 20271013).