Tensile, impact and dielectric properties of three dimensional orthogonal aramid/glass fiber hybrid composites
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Aramid/glass hybrid composites with three different stacking sequences and their corresponding single fiber type composites have been fabricated and their tensile, impact and dielectric properties were investigated. The trend of tensile strength and modulus of the composites followed the rule of mixture (ROM) closely and a small but positive hybrid effect for tensile strength of the hybrid composites was observed. The hybrid composites in general had a higher impact resistance than the single fiber type composites and the hybrid composite in which fiber volume fractions for glass and aramid fiber were the most balanced showed the highest impact ductility. The aramid fiber composite showed a lower dielectric constant and a higher dielectric loss than the glass fiber composites. However, the dielectric constant of the hybrid composites decreased first and then increased as the volume fraction of aramid fiber increased, which did not follow the mixing rule for dielectric constants of compounds. The dielectric loss of the composites increased monotonically as the volume fraction of aramid fiber increased which agreed well with the mixing rule.
KeywordsHybrid Composite Fiber Volume Fraction Weft Yarn Aramid Fiber Warp Yarn
This project was jointly sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation (No. 10372092) and Shanghai Pujiang Program (No. 06PJ14011).
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