Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 41, Issue 13, pp 4349–4356 | Cite as

Monitoring of cure kinetic prepreg and cure cycle modeling

Article

Abstract

Cure kinetic model is an integral part of composite process simulation, which is used to predict the degree of curing and the amount of the generated heat. The parameters involved in kinetic models are usually determined empirically from isothermal or dynamic differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) data. In this work, DSC and rheological techniques were used to investigate some of the kinetic parameters of cure reactions of carbon/F161 epoxy prepreg and to evaluate the cure cycle used to manufacture polymeric composites for aeronautical applications. As a result, it was observed that the F161 prepreg presents cure kinetic with total order 1.2–1.9.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    B. Z. JANG, in “Advanced Polymer Composites: Principles and Applications” (ASM International, USA, 1994).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. T. PETERS, in “Handbook of Composites” (Chapman and Hall, London, 1998).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. D. SHIN and H. T. HAHN, Composites Part A: Applied and Manufacturing 31 (2000) 991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. ELLIS, in “Chemistry and Technology of Epoxy resins” (Chapman and Hall, London, 1993).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. L. COSTA, J. M. F. PAIVA, E. C. BOTELHO and M. C. REZENDE, Mat. Res. 8 (2005), 317.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. L. COSTA, L. C. PARDINI and M. C. REZENDE, Materials Research 8 (2005) 65.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. C. BOTELHO, M. C. REZENDE and N. SCHERBAKOFF, Poly. Inter. 51 (2002) 1261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. C. BOTELHO, C. L. NOGUEIRA and M. C. REZENDE, J Appl. Polym. Sci. 86 (2002) 3114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. E. S. BRETAS and M. A. D’AVILA, “Reologia de Polímeros Fundidos” (USP Publications, São Carlos University, São Paulo, Brazil, 2000) (in portuguese).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. C. BOTELHO, M. C. REZENDE and N. SCHERBAKOFF, Mater. Res. 3 (2000) 19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. L. COSTA, J. M. F. PAIVA, E. C. BOTELHO and M. C. REZENDE, Polímeros Ciênciae Tecnologia 13 (2003) 188 (in portuguese).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    C. L. LEE and K. H. WEI, J Appl. Polym. Sci. 77 (2000) 2149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. PHILLIPS, T. GLAUSER AND J. A. E. MANSON, Poly. Comp. 18 (1997) 500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. L. COSTA, L. C. PARDINI and M. C. REZENDE, J Mater. Sci. 40 (2005), 3615.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. MALEK, Thermochim. Acta 200 (1992) 257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    S. MONTSERRAT, C. FLAQUE, P. PAGES and J. MALEK, J Appl. Polym. Sci. 56 (1995) 1413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. L. COSTA. MSc Thesis, Establishing of process parameters of structural composites by thermal and viscosimetric analyses, Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica, São José dos Campos, Brazil (in portuguese) (1998).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. L. COSTA, J. M. F. PAIVA, E. C. BOTELHO and M. C. REZENDE, in Proceedings of the XVII Congresso Brasileiro de Engenharia Mecânica, COBEM, São Paulo, Brazil, 2003.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. L. COSTA, M. C. REZENDE and S. F. M. ALMEIDA, Comp. Sci. Tech. 61 (2001) 2101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
    J. M. LAZA, C. A. JULIAN, E. LARRAURI, M. RODRIGUEZ and L. M. LEON, Polym. 40 (1998) 35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    C. D. WINGARD, Thermochim. Acta 357–358 (2000) 293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    B. S. HAYES, E. N. GILBERT and J. C. SEFERIS, Comp.: Part A 31 (2000) 717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Y. HE, Thermochim. Acta 367–368 (2001) 101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    C. N. CASCAVAL, D. ROSU and F. MUSTATA, Thermochim. Acta 370 (2001) 105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Divisão de Materiais/Instituto de Aeronáutica e EspaçoAMR/IAE/CTASão José dos CamposBrazil
  2. 2.Fatigue and Aeronautic Material Research GroupDepartment of Material and Technology, UNESPGuaratinguetáBrazil

Personalised recommendations