Upconversion emissions in Yb3+–Tm3+-doped tellurite glasses excited at 976 nm
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Intense Tm3+ blue upconversion emission has been observed in Tm3+–Yb3+ codoped oxyfluoride tellurite glass under excitation with a diode laser at 976 nm. Three emission bands centered at 475, 650 and 796 nm corresponding to the transitions 1G4→ 3H6, 1G4→ 3H4 and 3F4→ 3H6, respectively, simultaneously occur. The dependence of upconversion intensities on Tm3+ ions concentration and excitation power are investigated. For fixed Yb2O3 concentrations of 5.0 mol%, the maximum upconversion intensity was obtained with Tm2O3 concentration of about 0.1 mol%. The blue upconversion luminescence lifetimes of the Tm3+ transitions 1G4→ 3H6 are measured. The results are evaluated by the possible upconversion mechanisms.
KeywordsTellurite Glass Upconversion Luminescence Upconversion Emission Tm2O3 Upconversion Mechanism
We would like to express our thanks to Mr. Wen L for optical spectra tests and to Dr. Yang J H for useful discussion. This research was financially supported by “Qimingxing” Project (No. 04QMX1448) of the Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Commission and by the Chinese National Natural Science Foundation (Grant 60607014 and Grant 50572110).