Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 989–997 | Cite as

Corrosion inhibition of iron by amphoteric surfactants in hydrochloric acid solutions

  • S. S. MahmoudEmail author


In the present work the corrosion inhibition of iron in 2 M HCl solution by amphoteric surfactants was studied. The techniques of measurements were (i) weight loss, (ii) linear polarization and (iii) electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The investigated surfactants have the structure:

Fig. a

where, R = –C14H29(I), –C15H31(II), –C16H33(III), –C17H35(IV), –C18H37(V). These surfactants have a high inhibitory effect on the corrosion of iron in HCl solution. The inhibiting effect of these surfactants may take place through the blocking effect resulting from their adsorption on the metallic surface and hydrophobic effect. The inhibition efficiency increases according to the order: I < II < III < IV < V. This is due to the increase of the length of the alkyl group (–R) in the surfactants. The adsorption of these surfactants via their adsorption centers on the metallic surface obeyed the Frumkin adsorption isotherm. The presence of these surfactants in the corrosive solution increases the activation energy of the corrosion process with that order of inhibition efficiency.


Surfactant Surfactant Concentration Inhibition Efficiency Corrosion Inhibitor Charge Transfer Resistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Pillali KC, Narayan R (1985) Corros Sci 23:151Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Uhera J, Aramaki K (1991) J Electrochem Soc 138:3245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jovancicevic V, Yang B, Bockris JO’M (1989) J Electrochem Soc 135:94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bockris JO’M, Yang B (1991) J Electrochem Soc 138:2237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tadros AB, Abdel-Nabey BA (1988) J Electroanal Chem 224:433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Abdel-Nabey BA, Elhoukhy A, Elgamal M, Mahmoud F (1986) Surf Coating Technol 27:325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Akust AA, Lorenz WJ, Mansfeld F (1982) Corros Sci 22:611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hamouti B Aouniti A, Taleb M, Brighli M, Kertit S (1995) Corrosion 51:411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sastri V, Perumareddi JR (1997) Corrosion 53:617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Clubley BG (1990) Chemical inhibitors for corrosion control. Royal Society of Chemistry, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Uhlig HH, Revie RW (1985) Corrosion and corrosion control. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, p 263Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Marsi MS, Barakat YF, El-Sheikh R, Hassan AM, Baraka A (1993) Werkst U Korros 44:304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mansfeld F, Kending MW, Tsai S (1981) Corrosion 37:301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mansfeld F, Kending MW, Tsai S (1982) Corrosion 38:570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tsuru T, Haruyama S, Gijutsu B (1978) J Jpn Soc Corros Engn 27:573Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fouda AS, Moussa MN, Taha FI, Neanaa AI (1986) Corros Sci 26:719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hajjaji N, Rico I, Srhiri A, Lattes A, Soufiaoui M, Ben Bachir A (1993) Corrosion 49:326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Koopal LK, Ralstan JJ (1986) Colloid Interface Sci 2:362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Perbani G, Rocchini G (1983) International conference on corrosion inhibitors. Dallas, May 1983, no 29Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ben Bachir A, Srhiri A, Derboli Y, Etman M, Lattas A (1991) J Appl Electrochem 21:261CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemistry Department, University College of Girls for Arts, Science and EducationAin Shams UniversityHeliopolis, CairoEgypt

Personalised recommendations