Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 11, pp 3805–3809 | Cite as

Synthesis of encapsulating and hollow onion-like fullerenes from coal

  • Dongju Fu
  • Xuguang Liu
  • Xian Lin
  • Tianbao Li
  • Husheng Jia
  • Bingshe XuEmail author


Onion-like fullerenes (OLFs) with different structures were synthesized from coal by radio frequency plasma. The morphologies and structures of the products were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) techniques. The results clearly indicated that two types of uniform OLFs with high purity could be prepared from coal, and Fe in coal favored the growth of OLFs.


Fullerene High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy Coal Sample Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy Image 



The authors acknowledge financial support from National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2004CB217808), Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 90306014), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 20471041), National Science Foundation of Shanxi Province (Grant No. 20051018) and Shanxi Scientific Research Foundation for Returned Scholars (Grant No. 200428).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dongju Fu
    • 1
  • Xuguang Liu
    • 2
  • Xian Lin
    • 2
  • Tianbao Li
    • 1
  • Husheng Jia
    • 1
  • Bingshe Xu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringTaiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanChina
  2. 2.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringTaiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanChina

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