Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 12, pp 4291–4297 | Cite as

Containerless processing of a lithium disilicate glass

  • K. S. RanasingheEmail author
  • C. S. Ray
  • D. E. Day
  • J. R. Rogers
  • R. W. Hyers
  • T. Rathz


Glasses of Li2O · 2SiO2 (LS2), and LS2 doped with 0.001 wt% platinum (LS2 + 0.001 wt% Pt) compositions were melted, cooled and reheated at controlled rates while levitated (containerless) inside an electrostatic levitator (ESL) furnace at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. The experiments were conducted in vacuum using spherical, 2.5–3 mm diameter, glass samples. The measured critical cooling rate for glass formation, Rc, for the LS2 and LS2 + 0.001 wt% Pt glasses processed at ESL were 14 ± 2 °C/min and 130 ± 5 °C/min, respectively. The values of Rc for the same LS2 and LS2 + 0.001 wt% Pt glasses processed in a container were 62 ± 3 °C/min and 162 ± 5 °C/min, respectively. The effective activation energy for crystallization, E, for this LS2 glass processed without a container at ESL, was higher than that for an identical glass processed in a container. These results suggest that the glass formation tendency for a containerless LS2 melt is significantly increased compared to an identical melt in contact with a container. The absence of heterogeneous nucleation sites that are inherently present in all melts held in containers is believed to be the reason for the increased glass forming tendency of this containerless melt.


Differential Thermal Analysis Glass Sample Glass Formation Effective Activation Energy Critical Cool Rate 



This work was supported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), contract # NAG8–1465. The authors thank Trudy Allen and Glenn Fountain for their technical help in processing the samples at MSFC ESL.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. S. Ranasinghe
    • 1
    Email author
  • C. S. Ray
    • 2
  • D. E. Day
    • 3
  • J. R. Rogers
    • 2
  • R. W. Hyers
    • 4
  • T. Rathz
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Physics and GeologyNorthern Kentucky UniversityHighland HeightsUSA
  2. 2.Marshall Space Flight CenterNational Aeronautics and Space AdministrationHuntsvilleUSA
  3. 3.Graduate Center for Materials ResearchUniversity of Missouri-RollaRollaUSA
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA
  5. 5.University of Alabama in HuntsvilleHuntsvilleUSA

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