Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 15, pp 6148–6152 | Cite as

Methods for the reduction of the micropipe density in SiC single crystals

  • Jun Lin LiuEmail author
  • Ji Qiang Gao
  • Ji Kuan Cheng
  • Jian Feng Yang
  • Guan Jun Qiao


Micropipes are very harmful for SiC devices. Even one micropipe in the active area can destroy a high-voltage SiC device. Therefore, it is necessary to reduce the density of micropipes in SiC single crystals. In the present paper, we proposed methods for reducing micropipes. Restriction of screw dislocations and decrease of inclusions are the key factors to reduce the number of micropipes. (0 0 0 1) Si-face, \( (11\bar 20) \) and \( (1\bar 100) \) crystal faces acted as growth surface in different experiments. Active carbon was appended to act as carbon source. The crucible and active carbon were subjected to X-ray diffraction investigation before and after growth. The experimental results indicate that the activity of the graphite crucible was low, and it decreased with the progressing crystal growth, which increased the probability of micropipe formation. Appending active carbon can act as ample carbon source for crystal growth. The reduction of micropipes was achieved by the restrained formation of Si liquid phase. Using \( (11\bar 20) \) and \( (1\bar 100) \) crystal faces as the growth surfaces the generation of micropipes was restricted, as no new micropipe generated on the \( (11\bar 20) \) and \( (1\bar 100) \) crystal faces. At the same time, the density of edge dislocations is reduced considerably.


Active Carbon Edge Dislocation Growth Surface Graphite Crucible Seed Crystal 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jun Lin Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ji Qiang Gao
    • 1
  • Ji Kuan Cheng
    • 1
  • Jian Feng Yang
    • 1
  • Guan Jun Qiao
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of MaterialsXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’an, ShaanxiP.R. China

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