Activation energy determination for linear heating experiments: deviations due to neglecting the low temperature end of the temperature integral
- 402 Downloads
Model-free isoconversion methods which use approximations of the temperature integral are generally reliable methods for the calculation of activation energies of thermally activated reactions studied during linear heating. These methods generally neglect the temperature integral at the start of the linear heating, I(T o ). An analytical equation is derived which describes the deviations introduced by this assumption. It is shown that for most reactions encountered this assumption does not have a significant influence on the accuracy of the method. However in cases where T o is within about 50 to 70 K of the reaction stage to be investigated and activation energies are relatively low, significant deviations are introduced. It is shown that some of the published thermal analysis work on activation energy analysis of reactions occurring at relatively low temperatures is affected by these deviations. Examples are specific cases of dehydration reactions, cure reactions and cluster formation in Al alloys.
KeywordsDifferential Scanning Calorimetry Temperature Integral Isoconversion Method Dehydration Reaction Cure Reaction
Dr Nong Gao is gratefully acknowledged for performing DSC experiments presented in Figure 4.
- 2.Galwey AK, Brown ME (1998) In: Brown ME (ed) Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, vol. 1, Elsevier, Amsterdam, p 147Google Scholar
- 4.Starink MJ, Zahra A-M (1998) Phil Mag A 77:187Google Scholar
- 17.Vyazovkin S, Lesnikovich AI (1988) Russ J Phys Chem 62:2949Google Scholar
- 20.Starink MJ, Sinclair I, Gao N, Kamp N, Gregson PJ, Pitcher P, Levers A, Gardiner S (2002) Mater Sci Forum 396–402:601Google Scholar
- 21.Starink MJ, Gao N, Yan JL (2004) Mater Sci Eng 387–389:222Google Scholar
- 25.Starink MJ, Gao N, Davin L, Yan J, Cerezo A (2005) Phil Mag 85:1395Google Scholar
- 30.Guangbo He, Ning Yan (2005) Int J Adhesion Adhesives 25:450Google Scholar
- 32.Starink MJ, A.-M. Zahra (1997) Phil Mag A 76:701Google Scholar