Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 14, pp 5534–5538 | Cite as

Electrorheological properties of polypyrrole–SnO2–methylcellulose nanocomposite suspensions

  • Dae Jeon Yoon
  • Young Dae KimEmail author


Inorganic-conducting polymer particles were prepared to enhance physical and chemical properties by forming hybrid nanocomposites, which would improve the electrorheological (ER) effect of their suspensions. Polypyrrole (PPy)–SnO2–methylcellulose nanocomposite particles were synthesized by controlling the ratio of pyrrole, SnO2, and methylcellulose during the polymerization. The ER and dielectric properties of the PPy–SnO2–methylcellulose nanocomposite suspensions were investigated. The ER response increases with the increase in the SnO2/pyrrole ratio and also depends on the amount of methylcellulose amount during the polymerization, showing a maximum ER behavior.


SnO2 Polyaniline Electric Field Strength Methylcellulose Particle Volume Fraction 


  1. 1.
    Gangopadhyay R, De A (2000) Chem Mater 12:608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Su SJ, Kuramoto M (2000) Synth Metals 114:147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Winslow WM (1949) J Appl Phys 20:1137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shulman ZP, Gorodkin RG, Korobko EV (1981) J Non-Newt Fluid Mech 8:29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Deinega YF, Vinogradov GV (1984) Rheol Acta 23:636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Block H, Kelly JP (1988) J Phys D: Appl Phys 21:1661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kim YD, Park DH (2002) Colloid Polym Sci 280:828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kim YD, Song IC (2002) J Mater Sci 37:5051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhao XP, Yin JB (2006) J Ind Eng Chem 12:184Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ikazaki F, Kawai A, Uchida K, Kawakami T, Edamura K, Sakurai K, Anzai H, Asako Y (1998) J Phys D: Appl Phys 31:336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Otsubo Y, Edamura K (1994) J Coll Interface Sci 168:230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kim SG, Kim JW, Choi HJ, Suh MS, Shin MJ, Jhon MS (2000) Colloid Polym Sci 278:894CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cho MS, Choi HJ, To K (1998) Macromol Rapid Commun 19:271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Goodwin JW, Markham GM, Vincent B (1997) J Phys Chem B 101:1961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Block H, Kelly JO, Qin A, Watson T (1990) Langmuir 6:6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Maity A, Biswas M (2006) J Ind Eng Chem 12:311Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tlica J, Saha P, Quadrat O, Stejskal J (2000) J Phys D: Appl Phys 12:1173Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lengalova A, Pavlinek B, Saha P, Stejskal J, Quadrat O (2003) J Colloid Inter Sci 258:174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kim J, Kim SG, Choi HJ, Jhon MS (1999) Macromol Rapid Commun 20:450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kim JW, Liu F, Choi HJ, Hong SH, Joo J (2003) Polymer 44:289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Flitton R, Johal J, Maeda S, Armes SP (1995) J Colloid Inter Sci 173:135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Klingenberg DJ, Dierking D, Zukoski CF (1991) J Chem Soc Faraday Trans 87:425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Marshall L, Zukoski CF, Goodwin JW (1989) J Chem Soc Faraday Trans 85:2785CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Parthasarathy M, Klingenberg DJ (1996) Maters Sci Eng R17:57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wu CW, Conrad H (1996) J Phys D: Appl Phys 29:3147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gast AP, Zukoski CF (1989) Adv Colloid Interface Sci 30:153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kim YD, Klingenberg DJ (1996) J Colloid Interface Sci 168:230Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Kim YD (2001) J Colloid Interface Sci 236:225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    De Gangopadhyay RA (1999) Eur Polym J 35:1985CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Foulc JN, Atten P, Felici N (1994) J Electrostat 33:103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Cho MS, Cho YH, Choi HJ, Jhon MS (2003) Langmuir 19:5875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Hong CH, Park BJ, Choi HJ (2006) J Colloid Interface Sci 300:818CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Applied Chemistry, College of EngineeringChonnam National UniversityKwangjuKorea

Personalised recommendations