Low-temperature solid-state synthesis and phase-controlling studies of CdS nanoparticles
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In recent years, intensive development of nanocrystalline materials in nanotechnology has occurred worldwide. CdS has been an important semiconductor owing to its unique electronic and optical properties, and its potential applications in solar energy conversion, non-linear optical, photoelectrochemical cells and heterogeneous photocatalysis [1, 2]. To date, synthesis of nanosized CdS has been a subject matter of immense interest and its synthesis has been tried by various methods [3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14]. However, either complex process control, reagents or long synthesis time would be required for these routes.
Recently, solid-state reaction has been developed in the synthesis of nanomaterials due to its many advantages: no need for solvent, no pollution, simple process and so on [15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21]. Though CdS nanoparticles have also been synthesized by room temperature solid-state reaction , further studies about the particles growth have...
KeywordsRoom Temperature Ionic Liquid Cadmium Acetate Hexagonal Crystal Structure Crystal Pattern Strong Blue Shift
This work has been supported by the doctor Innovation Funds of Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (BCXJ05-07).
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