Synthesis, characterization and thermal history dependence of the polymorphic structure of nylon6/montmorillonite nanocomposites
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Nylon6/clay nanocomposites with 5-wt% montmorillonite (NCN5) were prepared by a twin-screw extruder. The effects of thermal histories including annealing temperature (195 °C, solid-state annealing; 245 °C, melt-state annealing), annealing time and cooling rate on the polymorphic behavior and thermal property of NCN5 have been studied using Modulated Differential Scanning Calorimetry (MDSC) and wide angle X-ray diffraction. It was found that longer annealing time and faster cooling rate favored the formation of the γ crystal when NCN5 samples were annealed at 195 °C. As the annealing temperature was elevated to 245 °C, the α crystal became the absolutely dominating crystalline phase independent on the annealing durations and cooling rate. Moreover, a small endothermic peak was observed around 195 °C in NCN5 samples and this new transition peak was also found to be dependent on the thermal history.
KeywordsCool Rate Thermal History Melting Peak Annealing Duration Modulate Differential Scanning Calorimetry
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