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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 41, Issue 23, pp 7775–7784 | Cite as

Intergranular films at Au-sapphire interfaces

  • Mor Baram
  • Wayne D. Kaplan
Article

Abstract

The existence of nanometer-thick amorphous equilibrium films at metal-ceramic interfaces has been experimentally verified for the Au–Al2O3 system. The films were formed using a novel experimental approach, in which thin sputtered films of Au were dewetted on a sapphire substrate which was previously partially wetted with drops of anorthite glass (CaO–2SiO2–Al2O3). High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and qualitative analytical transmission electron microscopy were used to confirm the existence of the amorphous films. In addition, positive and relatively large Hamaker constants were calculated for the Au-film-Al2O3 interface, which indicates the existence of an attractive van der Waals force which stabilizes the film, similar to equilibrium films at grain boundaries in ceramics. A ∼ 1 nm thick surface film was also detected on the (0001) surface of sapphire substrates partially wetted by anorthite glass. The refractive index required to stabilize the surface films, via a positive Hamaker constant, is explored.

Keywords

Sapphire Substrate Amorphous Film Hamaker Constant Transmission Electron Microscopy Specimen High Angle Annular Dark Field 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank H. Sadan, and P. Persson at FEI. This research was partially supported by the Israel Science Foundation (#163/05) and the Russell Berrie Nanotechnology Institute at the Technion.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials EngineeringTechnion–Israel Institute of TechnologyHaifa Israel

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