Effect of grain width and aspect ratio on mechanical properties of Si3N4 ceramics
- 691 Downloads
Sintering additives Y2O3 and Al2O3 with different ratios ((Y2O3/Al2O3) from 1 to 4) were used to sinter Si3N4 to high density and to induce microstructural changes suitable for raising mechanical properties of the resultant ceramics. The sintered Si3N4 ceramics have bi-modal microstructures with elongated β-Si3N4 grains uniformly distributed in a matrix of equiaxed or slightly elongated grains. Pores were found within the grain boundary phase at the junction regions of Si3N4 grains. The highest average aspect ratio (length/width of the grains) of ∼4.92 was found for Y2O3/Al2O3 ratio of 2.33 with fracture toughness and strength values of ∼7 MPam1/2 and 800 MPa, respectively. The effect of microstructure, specifically grain morphology, on mechanical properties of sintered Si3N4 were investigated and found that the aspect ratio of the elongated grains is the most important microstructural feature which controls mechanical properties of these ceramics.
KeywordsAspect Ratio Fracture Toughness Stress Intensity Factor Y2O3 Grain Morphology
- 7.Krstic VD (2000) In: Song J, Yin R (eds) Proceedings of international conference on engineering and technological science, vol 1. Chinese Academy of Engineering, Beijing, China, p 3Google Scholar
- 11.Tien TY (1995) In: Alper AM (ed) Study of silicon nitride ceramics, phase diagrams in advanced ceramics. Acadenic Press, San Diego, New York, Boston, USA, p 127Google Scholar
- 17.Mitomo M (1991) In: Kimura S, Niihara K (eds) Proc. 1st Int. Symp. Sci. Eng. Ceram. Ceramic Society of Japan, Tokyo, p 101Google Scholar
- 18.Becher PF, Hwang S-L, Hsueh C-H (1995) MRS Bulletin/February, 23Google Scholar