Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 14, pp 5714–5721 | Cite as

Electrophoretic deposition of alumina on stainless steel from non-aqueous suspension

  • Laxmidhar BesraEmail author
  • Pravanjan Samantaray
  • Sarama Bhattacharjee
  • Bimal P. Singh


Electrophoretic deposition of alumina on stainless steel has been investigated. The influence of different organic media and deposition parameters such as solid concentration, applied voltage and time of deposition on deposit yield has been evaluated. Maximum deposit yield was obtained for solvent media that imparts highest magnitude of surface charge on alumina in suspension. The deposit yield increased linearly with concentration of alumina powder in suspension, and applied voltage following Hamakers law. A similar linearity in yield was observed at short deposition times, but a deviation in linearity was observed at higher time of deposition, which is attributed to the shielding effect of the deposited layers and accumulation of ions at the electrode, and depletion of powder in the suspension with progress in deposition.


Surface Charge Deposition Time Stainless Steel Substrate Electrophoretic Deposition Suspension Concentration 



One of the authors (P. Samantaray) is thankful to the Director, Regional Research Laboratory, Bhubaneswar for providing the opportunity to work as Summer Trainee there. The authors are also thankful to him for permission to publish this paper.


  1. 1.
    Boccaccini AR (2004) J Mater Sci 39:769CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hamaker HC (1940) Trans Farad Soc 36:279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gani MSJ (1994) Ind Ceram 14:163Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Van der Biest OO, Vandeperre LJ (1999) Annu Rev Mater Sci 29:327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Boccaccini AR, Zhitomirsty I (2002) Curr Opin Solid State Mater Sci 6:251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Matsuda M, Hosomi T, Murata K, Fukui T, Miyake M (2005) Electrochem Solid State Lett 8(1):A8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Put S, Vleugels J, van der Biest O (2001) Scripta Mater 45:1139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Boccaccini AR, Kaya C, Chawla KK (2001) Comp Part A: Appl Sci Eng 32:997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nicholson PS, Sarkar P, Haung X (1993) J Mater Sci 28(23):6274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Moreno R, Ferrari B (2000) Mater Res Bull 35:887CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ferrari B, Moreno R (2000) J Electrochem Soc 147(8):2987CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sarkar P, Nicholson PS (1996) J Am Ceram Soc 79(8):1987CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Krishna Rao DU, Subbarao EC (1979) Ceram Bull 58(4):467Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Powers RW (1973) J Electrochem Soc 122(4):490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Singh BP, Bhattacharjee S, Besra L (2002) Ceram Int 28:413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yates DE, Levine S, Healy TW (1974) J Chem Soc Faraday Trans 170:1807CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Labib ME, Williams R (1986) Colloid Polymer Sci 264:533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gonzalez-Cuenca M, Biesheuvel PM, Verweij H (2000) AIChE J 46(3):626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lide DR (1994) CRC handbook of chemistry and physics. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FLGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Biesheuvel PM, Verweij H (1999) J Am Ceram Soc 82(6):1451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Chen F, Liu M (2001) J Eur Ceram Soc 21:127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Brown DR, Salt FW (1965) J Appl Chem 15:40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sarkar P, De D, Rho H (2004) J Mater Sci 39(3):819Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Anne G, Neirinck B, Vanmeensel K, Van der Biest O, Vleugels J (2006) J Am Ceram Soc 89(3):823CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Anne G, Vanmeensel K, Vleugels J, Van der Biest O (2005) J Am Ceram Soc 88(3):2036CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zhang Z, Huang Y, Jiang J (1994) J Am Ceram Soc 77:1946CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laxmidhar Besra
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pravanjan Samantaray
    • 2
  • Sarama Bhattacharjee
    • 1
  • Bimal P. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Regional Research Laboratory (CSIR)BhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.Indira Gandhi Institute of TechnologySarang, TalcherIndia

Personalised recommendations