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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 41, Issue 18, pp 6095–6099 | Cite as

Fabrication, thermal expansions, and mechanical properties of carbon/aluminum composites based on wood templates

  • Tian-Chi Wang
  • Tong-Xiang Fan
  • Di Zhang
  • Guo-Ding Zhang
Letter

Introduction

Usually, the shape, the size, and the distribution of the components in metal matrix composites depend on the artificial fabrication processes. However, the technique of fabricating materials with desired and delicate microstructures is still not simplified and easy. Wood, after hundreds of millions of years of evolution, possesses rational and graceful microstructures that cannot be obtained artificially. It can be considered as a natural composite material with a hierarchical architecture, where cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin form cellular microstructures [1, 2]. In wood structures, there exists large number of channels made up of cells. Through these channel-structures, water and mineral elements can be transported to every part of the tree. Moreover, it should be noted that a huge tree is capable of maintaining its position in the wind on its thin trunk for hundreds of years. This is possible due to its high strength, modulus, and stiffness [3, 4, 5]. These...

Keywords

Porous Carbon Compressive Residual Stress Compression Strength Molten Aluminum Alloy Thick Channel 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to express thanks to the financial support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 50271041), “863” Program (No. 2002AA334030), Basic Research Program of Shanghai (No. 04DZ14002), Key Basic Research Program of Shanghai (No. 03JC14044).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tian-Chi Wang
    • 1
  • Tong-Xiang Fan
    • 1
  • Di Zhang
    • 1
  • Guo-Ding Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Metal Matrix CompositesShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiP.R. China

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