Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 5, pp 1403–1414 | Cite as

Structural nanocrystalline materials: an overview

Nano May 2006


This paper presents a brief overview of the field of structural nanocrystalline materials. These are materials in either bulk, coating, or thin film form whose function is for structural applications. The major processing methods for production of bulk nanocrystalline materials are reviewed. These methods include inert gas condensation, chemical reaction methods, electrodeposition, mechanical attrition, and severe plastic deformation. The stability of the nanocrystalline microstructure is discussed in terms of strategies for retardation of grain growth. Selected mechanical properties of nanocrystalline materials are described; specifically strength and ductility. Corrosion resistance is briefly addressed. Examples of present or potential applications for structural nanocrystalline materials are given.



The author’s research related to the topics of the paper is supported by the Department of Energy under grant number DE-FG02-02ER46003 and the National Science Foundation under grant number DMR-0201474. The author would like to thank Dr. Stan Veprek for allowing the use of his description of nanocrystalline coatings and thin films as given in the Introduction section.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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