Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 41, Issue 18, pp 6001–6005 | Cite as

13C CP/MAS NMR study of a wood/phenol–formaldehyde resin bondline

  • Marie-Pierre G. LaborieEmail author
  • Charles E. Frazier


The dynamics and interactions of a wood powder/phenol–formaldehyde (PF) resin composite are evaluated by solid-state 13C NMR. A 13C labeled and perdeuterated PF resin, with low molecular weight distribution, is synthesized and cured in the neat state and also in combination with yellow-poplar wood powder. The 13C NMR spectral features and cross-polarization dynamics of the PF hydroxymethyl and methylene nuclei are compared in the neat resin and in the wood powder composite. In the composite, a downfield shift of the PF hydroxyl bearing carbons suggests secondary interactions between the PF resin and wood. In addition, the PF resin methylene and hydroxymethyl carbons exhibit slower CP dynamics compared to the neat resin. Lower resin CP rates in the composite indicate lower molecular rigidity of the resin in presence of wood compared to the neat cured PF resin.


Wood Powder Neat Resin Wood Polymer Dibenzyl Ether Neat State 



Financial support from the Center for Adhesive and Sealant Science and technical support from Tom Glass for NMR measurements, all at Virginia Tech, are greatly appreciated. The solution NMR spectra have been processed with MestRe-C software.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wood Materials and Engineering Laboratory, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Washington State UniversityPullmanUSA
  2. 2.Wood-Based Composites Center, Department of Wood Science and Forest ProductsVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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