Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 11, pp 3761–3766 | Cite as

Biomorphic TiN/C ceramics prepared by reduction–nitridation of charcoal/titania composite

  • Min LuoEmail author
  • Jiqiang Gao
  • Xiao Zhang
  • Guangya Hou
  • Jianfeng Yang
  • Da Ouyang
  • Hongjie Wang
  • Zhihao Jin
Article

Abstract

Porous titanium nitride ceramics with a biomorphic microstructure were manufactured at 1400 °C by carbothermal reduction and nitridation of charcoal/titania composites under high concentration nitrogen atmospheres. These composites were prepared from beech-derived charcoal impregnated with titania sol by vacuum/pressure infiltration process. The formation mechanism of TiN was analyzed. The results show that the nitridation is based on gas–solid reaction among TiO (s), N2 (g), C (s) or CO (g). Under higher nitrogen pressure, the nitridation reaction was complete and porous TiN/C ceramics obtained. The phase composition and microstructure of as-obtained porous TiN/C ceramics were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. Experimental results show that the resultant porous TiN/C ceramic had the same external and internal forms of the original wood that consists of cubic phase TiN.

Keywords

TiO2 Titanium Nitride Carbothermal Reduction Beech Wood Tetrabutyl Titanate 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors would like to express appreciations to Dr. Shaoyun Shan and Dr. Guangya Hou for valuable discussions and use of their facilities.

References

  1. 1.
    Dong AG, Wang YJ, Tang Y, Ren N, Zhang YH, Yue JH, Gao Z (2002) Adv Mater 14:926CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shin YS, Liu J, Chang JH, Nie ZM, Exarhos G (2001) Adv Mater 13:728CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rambo CR, Martinelli JR (2001) Adv Powder Technol Ii 189(1):9Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Huang JG, Ichinose I, Kunitake T (2005) Chem Commun 1717Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    He JH, Kunitake T, Watanabe T (2005) Chem Commun 795Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kemell M, Pore V, Ritala M, Leskela M, Linden M (2005) J Am Chem Soc 127:14178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Huang JG, Kunitake T (2003) J Am Chem Soc 125:11834CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Herring AM, McKinnon JT, McCloskey BD, Filley J, Gneshin KW, Pavelka RA, Kleebe HJ, Aldrich DJ (2003) J Am Chem Soc 125:9916CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mao CB, Solis DJ, Reiss BD, Kottmann ST, Sweeney RY, Hayhurst A, Georgiou G, Iverson B, Belcher AM (2004) Science 303:213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Davis SA, Burkett SL, Mendelson NH, Mann S (1997) Nature 385:420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhang BJ, Davis SA, Mendelson NH, Mann S (2000) Chem Commun 781Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yang D, Qi LM, Ma JM (2002) Adv Mater 14:1543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Greil P, Lifka T, Kaindl A (1998) J Eur Ceram Soc 18:1961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Qian JM, Wang JP, Jin ZH (2004) Rare Metal Mat Eng 33:1065Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Qian JM, Wang HP, Jin ZH, Qiao GJ (2003) Mat Sci Eng A-Struct 358:304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Vogli E, Sieber H, Greil P (2002) J Eur Ceram Soc 22:2663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rambo CR, Sieber H (2005) Adv Mater 17:1088CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Qian JM, Wang JP, Jin ZH (2004) Mat Sci Eng A-Struct 371:229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sun BH, Fan TX, Zhang D, Okabe T (2004) Carbon 42:177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sun BH, Fan TX, Zhang D (2004) Mater Lett 58:798CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rambo CR, Cao J, Rusina O, Sieber H (2005) Carbon 43:1174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Cao J, Rusina O, Sieber H (2004) Ceram Int 30:1971CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ota T, Imaeda M, Takase H, Kobayashi M, Kinoshita N, Hirashita T, Miyazaki H, Hikichi Y (2000) J Am Ceram Soc 83:1521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Cao J, Rambo CR, Sieber H (2004) J Porous Mat 11:163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Rambo CR, Cao J, Sieber H (2004) Mater Chem Phys 87:345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kaskel S, Schlichte K, Chaplais G, Khanna M (2003) J Mater Chem 13:1496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Shan SY, Yang JF, Gao JQ, Zhang WH, Jin ZH, Janssen R, Ohji T (2005) J Am Ceram Soc 88:2594CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Barin I, Knack O (1973) Thermochemical properties of inorganic substances. Springer-Verlag, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Barin I, Knack O, Kubashewski O (1973) Thermochemical properties of inorganic substances, supplement. Springer-Verlag, BerlinGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Min Luo
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jiqiang Gao
    • 1
  • Xiao Zhang
    • 1
  • Guangya Hou
    • 1
  • Jianfeng Yang
    • 1
  • Da Ouyang
    • 1
  • Hongjie Wang
    • 1
  • Zhihao Jin
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of MaterialsXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Science and EngineeringNingxia UniversityYinchuanPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations