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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 11, pp 4025–4030 | Cite as

Influence of nitriding gases on the growth of boron nitride nanotubes

  • Jun Yu
  • Bill C. P. Li
  • Jin Zou
  • Ying ChenEmail author
Article

Abstract

Boron nitride (BN) nanotubes of different sizes and tubular structures exhibit very different mechanical and chemical properties, as well as different applications. BN nanotubes of different sizes and nanostructures have been produced in different nitriding gases in a milling and annealing process, in which elemental boron powder was first milled in NH3 for 150 h and subsequently annealed at 1,200 °C for 6 h. The influence of nitriding gases was investigated by using N2, NH3, N2–H2 mixture gases. A relatively slow nitriding reaction in NH3 gas leaded to a 2D growth of BN (002) basal planes and the formation of thin BN nanotubes without the help of metal catalysts. Fast nitriding reactions occurred in N2 or N2–H2 mixture gases, catalyzed by metal particles, resulted in 3D crystal growth and the formation of many large cylindrical and bamboo tubes.

Keywords

Boron Nitride Boron Powder Boron Nitride Nanotubes Nitriding Reaction Bamboo Structure 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors would like to thank Dr John Fitzgerald and the staff at the Electron Microscopy Unit for their help in microscopy analysis, and Professor L.T. Chadderton for the fruitful discussion. This work is supported partially by one Discovery research grant awarded by the Australian Research Council

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physical Sciences and EngineeringThe Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia
  2. 2.School of Engineering and Centre for Microscopy and MicroanalysisThe University of QueenslandSt. LuciaAustralia

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