Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 41, Issue 21, pp 6917–6924 | Cite as

Bamboo and wood fibre cement composites for sustainable infrastructure regeneration

  • Rahim SudinEmail author
  • Narayan Swamy


This paper describes the development of eco-friendly bamboo and wood fibre cement composites from agriculture wastes for applications in the housing and building industries, and for sustainable infrastructure regeneration. Bamboo flakes and fibres from oil palm tree fronds were produced and tested for their sugar content and effect on the setting and strength development of the portland cement matrix. To counteract the adverse effects on cement hydration, chemical accelerators, cement replacement materials or a combination of both were used in the manufacture of the composite boards. With the bamboo, the composition of the particleboard was optimized in terms of bamboo–cement ratio and the type and amount of chemical admixture to produce a composite with satisfactory strength and dimensional stability. For the production of wood fibre cement composites, cement replacement materials such as fly ash, rice husk ash and latex were used in conjunction with chemical admixtures to counteract the adverse effect on the hydration characteristics of the cement matrix. Tests were then carried out to optimize the amount and type of cement replacement material and chemical admixtures to produce boards with adequate strength and dimensional stability. All the strength and dimensional stability tests reported in the paper were carried out according to Malaysian Standard MS 934. The paper emphasizes the need for holistic design combining chemical admixtures, cement replacement materials and modern production technology to produce a wide range of cement-bonded composite boards, which will satisfy international standards and can be widely used for infrastructure regeneration.


Cement Replacement Aluminium Sulphate Fibre Cement Cement Board Fibre Cement Composite 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forest Research Institute MalaysiaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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