Universal features of grain boundary networks in FCC materials
- Cite this article as:
- Schuh, C.A., Kumar, M. & King, W.E. J Mater Sci (2005) 40: 847. doi:10.1007/s10853-005-6500-9
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Grain boundary character distributions and triple junction distributions have been determined for 70 experimental microstructures, comprising aluminum-, copper-, austenitic iron- and nickel-based alloys in a wide variety of processed states. In these FCC metals, the fraction of coincidence site lattice (CSL) boundaries ranges from about 12% (as for a random Mackenzie distribution) to values as high as 75%. Despite wide variations in composition, processing, and grain size, we find that the grain boundary character distribution and triple junction distributions of these materials have striking similarities, and can be described by just a few parameters. This universality arises due to the highly non-random laws that govern the assembly of the grain boundary network, and due to the kinematic limitation that CSL boundaries arise primarily through twinning.