Magnesium hydroxide sulfate hydrate whisker flame retardant polyethylene/montmorillonite nanocomposites
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Flame retardant maleated polyethylene/magnesium hydroxide sulfate hydrate whisker (MAPE/MHSH) composites containing organo-modified montmorillonite (OMT) were prepared by direct melt intercalation. Their morphology, combustion behaviour and thermal stability were carried out by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), cone calorimetry and thermogravimetric analyses (TGA). The exfoliation of silicate layers within MAPE has been verified by XRD and TEM images. Cone calorimetry results indicated that a synergistic flame retardant effect on reducing heat release rate (HRR) occurred when MHSH and OMT were both present in nanocomposite. The reduction in HRR improved as the mass fraction of OMT was increased from 2 to 10 wt%, but there was little improvement above 5 wt% OMT loading level. TGA profiles of the nanocomposites revealed that the thermodegradation stability of the nanocomposites decreased as the OMT fraction increased from 2 to 10 wt%.
KeywordsTransmission Electron Microscopy Montmorillonite Flame Retardant Heat Release Rate Silicate Layer
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