Structural, thermodynamical and optical properties of Cu2-II-IV-VI4 quaternary compounds
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The Cu2-II-IV-VI4 compounds (II = Zn, Cd; IV = Si, Ge, Sn; VI = S, Se, Te) with a tetrahedral coordinated structure have been investigated, as compared with the results of the products synthesized from respective elemental mixtures. These crystal structures and melting points are determined, using differential thermal analysis and powder X-ray diffraction, respectively. The optical band gaps of these balk crystals grown by the horizontal gradient freezing or Iodine transport method are also measured by optical absorption. These melting points, lattice constants and band gaps are found to vary linearly with increasing of mean atomic weight, and can be established from the empirical equations.
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