Advertisement

Do close-call games attract more fans?

  • Sooyoung SulEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

The idea of “competitive balance,” i.e. the idea that sports leagues need uncertainty in the outcomes of their games to attract fans, is widely accepted. However, there are cases where the effects of hormones and neurotransmitters (including cortisol, testosterone and dopamine) will likely counteract the effects of competitive balance. This paper explored the validity of competitive balance and its effect on the number of spectators at sports games using quantitative analyses, along with consideration of other social, economic, and demographic factors. In contrast to previous observations, the concept of competitive balance was only partially confirmed as attracting large numbers of fans to Korean professional baseball league.

Keywords

Competitive balance Professional sports leagues Dopamine Testosterone Cortisol 

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    Lee, Y.H.: Competitive balance in Japanese, Korean and U.S. professional baseball leagues. J. Korean Sociol. Sport 15(2), 273–287 (2002)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Oh, S.W., Han, J.W., Choi, Y.D.: The effect of systems of the Korean professional baseball league on competitive balance. Korean. J. Sport Stud. 53(6), 315–329 (2014)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rottenberg, S.: The baseball players’ labor market. J. Polit. Econ. 64, 242–258 (1956)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zimbalist, A.: Symposium: competitive balance in sports leagues. J. Sports Econ. 3(2), 111–228 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Quirk, J.P., Fort, R.D.: Pay Dirt: The Business of Professional Team Sports. Princeton University Press, Princeton (1997)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rascher, D.A., Solmes, J.P.G.: Do fans want close contests? A test of the uncertainty of outcome hypothesis in the National Basketball Association. Int. J. Sport Financ. 2(3), 130–141 (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Leeds, M.A., Von Allmen, P.: The Economics of Sports. Prentice Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River (2010)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Scully, G.W.: The Business of Major League Baseball. University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1989)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fort, R.D., Quirk, J.P.: Cross-subsidization, Incentives, and outcomes in professional team sports leagues. J. Econ. Lit. 33(3), 1265–1299 (1995)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Owen, P.D., Ryan, M., Weatherston, C.R.: Measuring competitive balance in professional team sports using the Herfindahl–Hirschman index. Rev. Ind. Org. 31(4), 289–302 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Humphreys, B.R.: Alternative measures of competitive balance in sports leagues. J. Sports Econ. 3(2), 133–148 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Greene, W.H.: Econometric Analysis, 7th edn. Pearson, Upper Saddle River (2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Physical SciencesKyonggi UniversitySuwon-siSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations