Generation and Analyses of the Reinforced Wave Gait for a Mammal-Like Quadruped Robot
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The statically stable gait control of a mammal-like quadruped robot that provides an adequate or stable manner of traversing over irregular terrain was addressed. The reinforced wave gait which integrates new parameters of the lateral offset and displacements of the center of gravity (COG) based on the profiles of standard wave gait was investigated. The continuous and discontinuous motion trajectory of a robot’s COG in the periodic reinforced wave gait could be realized. The longitudinal and lateral stability margins of a reinforced wave gait were formulated for the gait generation and control of a quadruped robot. Moreover, the effects of the lateral offset on the stability, velocity and the energy efficiency were studied in details. The reinforced wave gait with lateral sway motion adequately improved the stability, and two particular gait patterns that involve the lateral sway motion for a maximal velocity and maximum achievable stability were described. With consideration of a quadruped robot with asymmetric carrying loads on its body, a scheme that relates to the gait parameters of the displacement of a robot’s COG to avoid losing stability was proposed. The simulation and experimental results about the effects of lateral offset added in the reinforced wave gait on the minimum power consumption during a quadruped robot walking on a flat terrain indicated that the reinforced wave gait with a larger lateral offset would generate a better wave gait with a higher velocity and energy efficiency.
KeywordsQuadruped robot Reinforced wave gait Stability margin Energy efficiency Gait parameters optimizations
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