Journal of Intelligent & Robotic Systems

, Volume 80, Issue 3–4, pp 609–623 | Cite as

A Methodology for Creating an Adapted Command Language for Driving an Intelligent Wheelchair

  • Brígida Mónica FariaEmail author
  • Luís Paulo Reis
  • Nuno Lau


Intelligent wheelchairs (IW) are technologies that can increase the autonomy and independence of elderly people and patients suffering from some kind of disability. Nowadays the intelligent wheelchairs and the human-machine studies are very active research areas. This paper presents a methodology and a Data Analysis System (DAS) that provides an adapted command language to an user of the IW. This command language is a set of input sequences that can be created using inputs from an input device or a combination of the inputs available in a multimodal interface. The results show that there are statistical evidences to affirm that the mean of the evaluation of the DAS generated command language is higher than the mean of the evaluation of the command language recommended by the health specialist (p value = 0.002) with a sample of 11 cerebral palsy users. This work demonstrates that it is possible to adapt an intelligent wheelchair interface to the user even when the users present heterogeneous and severe physical constraints.


Intelligent Wheelchair Command Language User Modeling Data Analysis System 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brígida Mónica Faria
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Luís Paulo Reis
    • 2
    • 4
  • Nuno Lau
    • 3
    • 5
  1. 1.Escola Superior Tecnologia de Saúde do Porto / Instituto Politécnico do Porto (ESTSP/IPP)Vila Nova de GaiaPortugal
  2. 2.Laboratório de Inteligência Artificial e Ciência de Computadores (LIACC)PortoPortugal
  3. 3.Institute Engenharia, Electrónica e Telemática de Aveiro (IEETA)AveiroPortugal
  4. 4.Department de Sistemas de InformaçãoEscola de Engenharia da Universidade do Minho (DSI/EEUM)GuimarãesPortugal
  5. 5.Department de Electrónica, Telecomunicações e Informática da Universidade de Aveiro (DETI/UA)AveiroPortugal

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